What Is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia is the result of the normal aging of the lens inside your eye.  A refractive error, presbyopia results from a disorder than from disease. The condition commonly occurs after age 40, when the lens of the eye becomes more rigid and does not flex as easily. As a result, it is more difficult to read at close range. A normal aging process of the lens, presbyopia can also occur along with myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism.


  • Near objects appear blurred
  • Difficulty seeing objects up close

The symptoms described above may not necessarily mean that you have presbyopia. However, if you experience one or more of these symptoms, contact your ophthalmologist for a complete exam.


Presbyopia is caused by the natural aging of the crystalline lens inside the eye.

Tests and Diagnosis

A careful refraction by your eye care professional will reveal if you are experiencing the symptoms of presbyopia.

Treatment and Drugs

Presbyopia is commonly treated using corrective lenses, such as eyeglasses or contact lenses. 

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Reviewed by Jill E. Bixler, M.D.